Jimi Hendrix’s 1968 album “Electric Ladyland” is one of Jimi Hendrix’s and rock’s greatest albums. The album became a number one album and featured one of Hendrix’s biggest singles with a cover of Bob Dylan’s “All along the watchtower.” Though the album was highly praised, the original album cover drew lots of controversy.
The first instance of the album being pulled was at the book store W.H. Smiths in London on November 12, 1968. The reason behind this was what was depicted on the album cover. The album featured 19 naked woman lounging together.
Track Records then used their art department to create the cover. Photographer, David Montgomery, shot a portrait of 19 naked woman in front of a black background. The idea was to draw attention towards the album with the cover.
The cover was met with controversy as many stores began pulling it from their stores as it was seen as pornography. The models on the cover also hated the way they were shown on the cover. Hendrix was very embarrassed by the cover and showed his displeasure with the cover. This was not the first time Hendrix was upset with a cover as he also showed his displeasure with the “Axis: Bold As Love” cover.
Hendrix’s original idea for the new album cover was ignored by photographers. Hendrix asked Linda Eastman, Paul McCartney’s future wife, to photograph the 19 woman on a sculpture from Alice In Wonderland in Central Park. The album cover instead featured a blurred yellow and red photo of Hendrix.
Hendrix’s original sketch for the cover
While many rock stars use their voice to criticize the terrors of the war, there were still those who chose to lay down their lives for their country. While artists like Johnny Cash to Elvis Presley were the ones who took the honor of serving their country with great pride. Artists such as Jimi Hendrix and John Fogerty were ones who protested their time in war and any future war through their music. Here are a few examples who sacrificed themselves even in the midst of a promising career for the people of their country.
Perhaps the most famous incident of a rock star joining the military is Elvis Presley’s 1958 enrollment in the Army. Elvis was enlisted in the Army when he became an international icon. When you are one of the biggest names in the World, it would be hard to give up all of this. Elvis however, was more scared of Rock N’ Roll becoming a fad because of this, then he was of losing his life. Elvis actually ended up gaining more fans especially from the older generation as a result, and Rock N’ Roll was able to remain in the forefront. Elvis was able to rank as a sergeant and took home an Army Good Conduct Medal.
One of the greatest guitarists of all time, was a soldier before he became a rock icon. In 1961 Hendrix got in trouble with the law for stolen cars. Hendrix then faced a chose between two years in prison or enlisting in the Army. Hendrix chose to join the Army and was assigned to the 101st Airborne Division in Fort Campbell, Kentucky. Hendrix was not an ideal soldier and did not listen to his instructors very well. Hendrix also continued to play guitar during his off time on duty. Hendrix was supposed to serve for three years, but was discharged after a year for his conduct. Hendrix would of course go on to be a Rock sensation while protesting all aspects of war and society.
Though he may not be the most famous rock star on this list, Jason Everman perhaps experienced more things than most people on the Earth. Everman was able to play guitar in bands such as Nirvana, Soundgarden, and OLD. After his playing day, Everman joined special forces and became and Army ranger and Green Beret. Everman later earned a Bachelor of Arts in philosophy from Columbia University.
The Man In Black joined the Air Force in 1950. During his time in the US Air Force Cash earned the rank of sergeant, similar to his future counter part, Elvis Presley. Johnny Cash spent a lot of his time intercepting codes during the start of the Cold War. Cash was later honorably discharged in 1954 and went back to his home in Texas.
The legendary keyboardist enrolled in the Army in 1961. During his brief time in the military, Manzarek played in various music groups and learned to grow and smoke cannabis. Manzarek was discharged after only one year and went back to UCLA where he met Jim Morrison and the rest became history.
The Grateful Dead frontman is another important figure of the counter culture who was in the military. Garcia joined the Army after stealing his mother’s car. Garcia snuck his guitar into basic training. Garcia did not fit into the military lifestyle and was discharged after only nine months.
The legendary blues man served in the Army during World War Two. King was discharged after it was determined his tractor driving skills were too necessary for the war economy. King and the rest of the World would later find out that King’s guitar skills were too good.
The Creedence Clearwater Revival frontman served in the Army Reserves during the Vietnam War. Fogerty would never be able to see combat though. Fogerty would later produce one of the biggest songs associated with the Vietnam War “Fortunate Son,” along with his band mates. Had Fogerty not been a reserve, we might have never gotten his great work.
Jimi Hendrix signed his first contract on October 15, 1965 in the UK. The contract was not something impressive as Hendrix only earned $1 for his signature and 1% of profit from sales. While this may seem like something that could be in a failure to success story, it was very common for other artists to sign these contracts back then.
Look at the details of the contract below:
Before he signed the contract, Hendrix had just made it out of the Air Force. Hendrix played in a band from Nashville and recorded songs with the likes of Little Richard and Isley Brothers. Hendrix was making a name for himself around the area for being an incredible guitarist.
Hendrix however, was not in the mainstream yet when he signed the contract, so he did not understand the full details of the contract. The contract would give away the rights to the music he wrote, performed, and recorded for the next three years. He would really then only receive one percent of the sales from this. This would go on to hurt Hendrix later.
Hendrix got his start in R&B music and had begin to move away from that. He was discovered by Chas Chandler of the Animals and he moved to London in 1967. Hendrix became huge in London and was recognized by members of the Who, Beatles, Rolling Stones, and Cream.
Ed Chaplin, who Hendrix signed the contract for, did not know Hendrix had moved on and became a sensation. Chaplin then proceeded to sue Hendrix, his management, and Reprise. The lawsuit would go on for over a year before the two settled the lawsuit in 1968.
Hendrix would go on to be one of the biggest rock stars of all time after this. The contract which would become an important piece of rock history, sold for $191,000 at an auction a few years ago
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At the Open Air Love and Peace Festival in Fehmarn, Germany, Jimi Hendrix gave his final concert on this day, 47 years ago. The Jimi Hendrix Experience looked different from a couple years ago with their new lineup. Jimi Hendrix was of course on vocals and guitar, Mitch Mitchell stayed on drums, and the newly appointed Billy Cox was on bass. All of this however would not stop the band from giving a great performance.
The band was originally supposed to play the night before but got pushed back a day because of rain. Hendrix said on the event,”I’ll play tomorrow. Tomorrow at noon. I don’t have to, but I want to. The fans are out there in the dirt, I have to play for them. They came because of me. Otherwise I would have a bad conscience.” The band was also about to play a concert for the sixth night in a row. Two of the six concerts included headlining the Isle of Wight Festival and performing in Berlin five days later.
Despite the multiple days of playing in a row, this did not stop the band from playing an electrifying 13 song set. The set opened with a cover of “Killing Floor” which Jimi famously played the night he jammed with Eric Clapton to Clapton’s amazement. The set also included hits like,”Hey Joe,” “All Along The Watchtower,””Purple Haze,” and “Voodoo Child”to close out the night.
The only recording of the event is found on The Jimi Hendrix Experience: Live at the Isle of Fehmarn which was released in 2005. The sound quality of the concert is not great. Concert promoters recorded the concert using two overhead stage microphones into a consumer grade Revox reel-to-reel tape machine that Hendrix did not know about.
There was a rumor circulating that a stage-hand named Rocky was shot in the leg during the concert. The problem was there was no one who worked with Jimi on the road named Rocky. The only credible fact that may make this true is the trouble the Hells Angels caused during the weekend. The concert promoter’s trailer was later burned down which was reportedly caused by the Hells Angels.
Despite all the violence, there was no denying the historical impact of the concert. Though historical for an unfortunate reason, this was not supposed to be the band and Jimi’s last concert. The band was supposed to play in Rotterdam on September 13th but was cancelled when Billy Cox became sick. Jimi was also supposed to play on September 15th at Ronnie Scott’s Jazz Club in Soho with Eric Burdon and War, but that was put off when Jimi was too stoned to perform.
Jimi would end up playing some songs with Burdon the next night which would end up being his final live performance and public appearance. Jimi was shockingly and tragically found dead in his girlfriend’s apartment in London just two days later. Jimi laid down a foundation the World will never forget and inspired a generation like no one else could.
Check out some footage and background on the show below:
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